Having beautiful, freshly manicured nails is the goal for many of us. When our nails look great, we feel more polished, confident and put together. Whether we’re doing our nails ourselves, or receiving regular manicures (and pedicures) at the salon, being aware of potential nail diseases and disorders is essential. Nail technicians are not certified to diagnose and treat nail diseases and disorders, however there are 5 common ones that they will look out for – some of which are safe to perform a service on, and others that are highly contagious and therefore should be treated as soon as possible.

1. Greenies (Pseudonomas)

What is it?
A bacterial infection that occurs between the natural nail plate and the nail bed, and/or between an artificial nail and the natural nail. The nail plate will appear green.
Causes
Many people have been led to believe that the classic ‘green’ discolouration of this type of infection is mold, but this is not the case. Pseudomonas can form if bacteria were on the nail plate and were not thoroughly removed before nail polish was applied, or if bacteria somehow got between the nail plate and the product. If you glue your own lifted nails, the chance of infection increases because there’s no oxygen, giving the bacteria a chance to thrive.
Treatment
Prevention is the best treatment. The first step in prevention is a clean environment and proper application. Protect yourself by holding to industry standards. Short cuts can result in infection. Make sure to keep your nails moisturized.

2. Vertical Ridges

What is it?
The nail plate grows forward on the nail bed in a ‘rail and groove’ effect.
Causes
These types of ridges can be characteristics of aging and/or malnutrition. As we age, the natural oil and moisture levels decline in the nail plate and this rail and groove affect becomes apparent.
Treatment
Ridges in fingernails are quite common and should not cause alarm. Protect your fingernails whenever possible. Use a gentle buffer and work across the nail slowly with light pressure to soften the appearance of fingernail ridges. Avoid excessive pressure or speed as this generates heat and can damage the nail further.

3. Nail Fungus (Onychomycosis)

What is it?
A Fungal infection of the nail plate (more common in feet).
Causes
Bacteria gets in between the nail bed and nail plate and causes plate separation with debris under the nail plate. The nail appears yellowish in colour and may also change the texture and shape of the nail. If left untreated, the nail plate may separate from the nail bed and crumble off.
Treatment
There are great products available from specialty nail shops and online here: nailfungus.ca, but the most important thing to note is that nail fungus is extremely contagious, therefore, nail technicians should not perform a service on a suspected fungal infection, and if you’re worried you may have one, seek treatment as soon as possible.

4. White Lines or Spots (Leuconychia)

What is it?
White lines or spots in the nail plate that don’t disappear even after buffing.
Causes
May be caused by tiny air bubbles that get trapped in between the nail plate layers (there are seven layers), due to trauma.
Treament
The spots will grow out with the nail plate, so no treatment is necessary.

5. Red, inflamed Skin Surrounding the Nail (Paronychia)

What is it?
An infection of the nail fold characterized by pain, redness and swelling of the skin surrounding the nail.
Causes
This type of infection can be caused by bacteria, fungi and some viruses. The skin surrounding the nail acts as a barrier between the nail plate and the surrounding tissue, so, if a tear or break occurs in this seal,bacterium can easily enter.
Treatment
This is an infection and is highly contagious. There are a variety of treatment options: topical, oral and even physical & light treatment.

Avoidance is the Best Treatment

Avoiding common nail disorders in the first place is often the best form of treatment.
1. Wear gloves when performing manual labor.
2. Keep your nails trimmed and neat to avoid tearing or snagging.
3. Wash your hands and clean under the nails to prevent nail fungus from growing.
4. Use a lotion or hand and nail moisturizer on a daily basis. Reapply lotion after washing your hands to keep them from drying out. Excessive washing removes the natural skin oils and results in drying and cracking of both hands and nails.
5. Maintain a balanced diet with foods rich in Omega-3 fatty acids and drink plenty of water.

Until next time,

nail that accent

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Comments

    1. Fishnge07

      Disorder is something that is possible to be cured but deseases are mostly those are incurable

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